Learn about diabetes | Learn Health

What is diabetes?

Most of the sugars in the food we eat enter the bloodstream as glucose after digestion. And cells receive glucose to produce the energy they need. Most cells rely on a type of hormone called insulin to absorb glucose. Diabetes is a problem due to insulin. Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose in the cell and the amount of glucose in the blood increase due to low or ineffective insulin.

Diabetes is diagnosed if a person's blood glucose exceeds a certain level. These doses are 7.0 milliliters per liter or more in the blood plasma 2 hours after feeding 75 grams of glucose to the hungry person (adults).

What are the side effects of diabetes?

Explicit side effects

A) Frequent pee

B) Getting more eager

C) Too parched

D) Weight misfortune in spite of eating enough

E) Feeling drained and powerless

Not explicit side effects

 F) Delay in injury recuperating

G) Less found in the eyes

H) Increases labor issues or unnatural birth cycle

For this situation, diabetes is recognized in the test for different reasons. half of more established patients don't have these side effects, yet an overall wellbeing examination can distinguish diabetes.

Who can get diabetes?

Anybody can get diabetes whenever at whatever stage in life. Be that as it may, individuals in this class are bound to have diabetes.

A) Whose ancestry, for example, guardians or close family members have diabetes

B) Those who are overweight or overweight.

C) Those who accomplish no work of activity or actual effort.

D) If you use steroids for quite a while.

E) Excess pre-diabetic sugars.

Conditions where diabetes is bound to create:

A) Physical corpulence b) Pregnancy c) Injury d) Injury e) Surgery f) Mental injury g) Sudden mind sickness because of vascular illness h) Long term utilization of steroids.

Could diabetes at any point be relieved?

Diabetes isn't restored. This infection is a long lasting sickness. Be that as it may, assuming current clinical measures are taken, this illness can be controlled quite well. Assuming diabetes is taken care of, having an ordinary working existence is conceivable.

Known for diabetic ladies

If a diabetic woman wants to have a child, she must consult a doctor before becoming pregnant. Insulin should be taken as per the doctor's advice by banning eating at home 3-5 months in advance. If HbA1c is around 7.5%, you can get pregnant subject to doctor's permission. During pregnancy, she should use insulin to keep her blood sugar level below 5.0 m.mol / L when she is fasting and 6.0 mmol / liter after meals. Otherwise the child may have various physical problems starting from disability.


IFC in starvation (IFC)

Only those who have excess sugar in the fasting state are more likely to develop diabetes and its complications later in life. Therefore, experts attach special importance to this condition. When fasting, blood sugar levels are 6.1 mmol / liter or higher and below 8.0 mmol / liter - this step. Whenever left unmanaged, they can be left off track and lose the correct way.


Sugar intolerance (IGT)

Some patients have higher blood sugar (glucose) than healthy human blood sugar, but may have lower blood glucose than diabetics. This type of patient can be called a sugar intolerant patient. In case of starvation, their blood glucose level will be less than 8.0 ml mole and after consuming 75 grams of glucose, the blood glucose level will be less than 11.1 ml mole but more than 7.8 ml mole. Patients with diabetes can have the same complications as diabetics. One-third of sugar-intolerant patients become diabetics after some time, if care is not taken.


Danger from uncontrolled diabetes

There are many dangers in controlling diabetes. The goal of treatment is to control this disease well. It is important to know all the serious symptoms or complications that can occur if diabetes is not controlled. Paralysis, nervous system complications, heart disease, digestive ulcers of the legs, eye diseases and even blindness due to bleeding inside the eyes, bladder infections, urinary incontinence, subsequent loss of kidney function, thin stools, tuberculosis, gingivitis, itching, boils etc.


Emergency conditions for diabetics

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
Tablets or insulin are given to lower blood sugar. If the solution of the required extra tablet pill or insulin means sugar is less than 2.5 ml mole, the body may react. However, if the speed of many people bring down the sugar quickly, the name of blood sugar can give such symptoms.

The responses are as follows
A) To insist
B) Too hungry
C) palpitations
D) Excessive sweating
E) Body trembling
F) Loss of balance
G) To behave abnormally
H) Being unconscious.


Why and when do all these symptoms appear?
A) On the off chance that how much medication (tablet or insulin) is more than required
B) If the food is too little or forgets to eat
C) Eat food past the point of no return subsequent to taking insulin
D) If you suddenly do more exercise or physical work
E) If sugar is not absorbed from the arteries for vomiting or diarrhea


What to do in case of hypoglycemia
As soon as the reaction occurs, the patient should swallow 4 to 6 teaspoons of glucose or sugar in a glass of water or give it to the patient. If the patient becomes unconscious, he should be given glucose injection without trying to eat anything or he should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible.


Diabetic coma :

Insulin dependent patients usually develop diabetic coma. Inadequate insulin intake or insulin dependent patients taking insulin at all can lead to high blood sugar and catastrophe. In the absence of insulin, blood sugar cannot be used by the body, so stored body fat is used for heat and energy. But in the absence of adequate insulin, excess fat is broken down and some harmful substances (ketone bodies) and acids build up in the blood, resulting in increased levels of ketone bodies. The patient becomes unconscious. This condition is called diabetic coma.


Symptoms of diabetic coma

(A) Too much increase in the amount of sugar in the urine

(B) Too thirsty

(C) Frequent urination

(D) Excessive hunger

(E) Feeling very ill

(F) Nausea

(G) Feeling weak

(H) Relax

(I) Shortness of breath

(J) Rapid breathing

(K) Headache

(L) Blurred vision

(M) Feeling numb

(N) Exhalation of acetone.


If these symptoms occur

You can drink more salt water to reduce dehydration.

(A) The amount of insulin should be increased

(B) It is necessary to check whether there is ketone body in the urine

(C) Look for the assistance of a doctor right away





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