What is the treatment for diabetes? | Learn Health

Treatment of diabetes

Key fixings in the treatment of diabetes

1. Education; 
2. Proper eating habits; 
3. Exercise; 
4. A restrained way of life, for example, customary diabetes check-ups for all changes in accordance with drug if vital. Customary clinical conference.

1. Education

Diabetes is a lifelong disease. With proper care, this disease can be completely controlled. Arrangements should be made by the patient at his own risk and the cooperation of the family members of the patient can help a lot in this regard. Therefore, for the proper treatment of this disease, just as the patient needs education about diabetes, the relatives of the patient also need to have some knowledge about this disease. With a good education, the patient will be able to: (a) acquire self-control skills, (b) be able to adapt to changing lifestyles easily and (c) acquire the ability to cope with emergencies.


Discipline

Discipline is the lifeblood of a diabetic patient. The patient should stick to train in all everyday issues. However, there are a few things to keep in mind. Such as -

1. You need to eat regular and balanced amount of food.
2. Exercise regularly or in moderation.
3. Physician's advice and prescription should be followed properly.
4. The body must be kept clean and tidy.
5. Take special care of the feet.
6. Foods with sugar, sweets, molasses, honey should be avoided completely.
7. Assuming there is any actual issue, you ought to counsel a specialist immediately.
8. Diabetes treatment cannot be stopped for any reason without the advice of a doctor
9. It is best to control diabetes by measuring your blood sugar manually with an instant blood sugar measuring device.

2. Proper eating habits

In case of diabetes, a certain rule of diet must be followed. Dietary and nutritional needs remain the same as before and after diabetes. There is no difference in nutritional needs. The primary motivation behind observing the eating regimen guidelines is to control diabetes, to keep up with great wellbeing.

Standards of food consumption
1. If the body weight is more than the desired weight, it is necessary to reduce it to normal, if it is less then it is necessary to increase it to normal and if the weight is normal then it is necessary to maintain it.
2. Eating sweet and sweet food sources ought to be kept away from.
3. Sugary foods (rice, flour, sweet fruits, etc.) should be eaten in moderation.
4. Eat more fibrous foods (pulses, vegetables, pickled fruits, etc.)
5. Eat less ghee, butter, fat, dalda, meat etc., soybean oil, mustard oil etc. and all kinds of fish.
6. Learn the guided food list.
7. Calorie rich food should be eaten in prescribed quantity.
8. Must eat at the specified time.
9. It is not right to avoid food at any time.
10. It is not right to eat less today and more tomorrow.

3. Exercise

The role of exercise is very important in controlling the disease. Exercise relieves muscle numbness and helps in blood circulation. Exercise keeps the body healthy, increases the effectiveness and secretion of insulin. Walking at least 40 minutes every day will keep the body healthy, it is better to do it regularly at the same time. If there is any physical problem, you should do physical work as much as possible as advised by the doctor.


Diabetes medicine

All diabetics have to adhere to diet, exercise and discipline. In many cases, especially in elderly patients, the disease can be controlled if these three are observed properly. But insulin injections are needed in patients with type 1 diabetes. In case of type 2 diabetes, the doctor may prescribe food pills to reduce the sugar.

There are two types of diabetes medicine
1) Food Pills. 2) Insulin.

1. Types of food pills
1. Expanding insulin emission, for example, glybenclamide, glipizide, glyclazide, repaglinide, natiglinide
2. Upgrading the viability of insulin, for example, metformin, pyoglitazone
3. Preventing gastrointestinal glucose maintenance. For instance, Ekarboj
4. Citagliptin vildagliptin, etc, to augment insulin outflow and protect cells.

Something about insulin

There are two primary sorts of insulin utilized in our country :
1) Transparent, Regular or Short Term Insulin (Humolin R, Insuman-Rapid and so forth) and
2)Cloudy or medium term insulin (Humolin-N, Insuman Bejal, Insulated and so forth.)

The first seems to be water, the work begins 30 minutes after the infusion, it works more often than not in 2 to 4 hours and its functioning term is 6 to 8 hours.

The second is cloudy; It starts working one and a half hours after the injection, it works for a maximum of 8 to 12 hours and its working time can be up to 18 hours.

Other insulin

Premixid Insulin: These insulin bottles contain clear and cloudy insulin in varying proportions. Example - 30:70; 25 :75; 50 :50; 40:60 etc. They start working in 30 minutes and last for 18 to 20 hours. For example-

1) Insulin mixed 30:60; 50:50
2) Insulin Insuman Comb 25:75
3) Humulin 60:30 etc

The mentioned insulin should be given half an hour before eating.

Recent insulin
1. Insulin analogs act quickly.
A) Insulin Aspart. B) Insulin Lispro.

This insulin comes in the blood in 10 to 15 minutes and starts working at maximum in one hour. Duration 3 to 4 hours. This type of insulin can be given before or after meals.

2. Insulin analogs long term. For example- Insulin Glargin, Insulin Ditamer. This insulin starts working in 1 hour. Duration 24 hours This type of insulin can be given once a day at a specified time. In most cases it is better to give at certain times of the night. It has nothing to do with food.

3. Premixed analog, for example- Insulin Aspart Mix, Insulin Lispro Mix. This insulin starts working in 15 minutes, lasting 24 hours.

Insulin storage: 

Insulin needs to be kept in a cool place. Otherwise its performance decreases. If you want to keep it for more than a month, keep it in the fridge at a temperature of 2° to 8° Centigrade. In rural areas where there is no refrigerator or those who do not have a refrigerator at home, they can wrap a spotless fabric insulin bottle in a medium measured pottery container and close the cover on the container and keep the insulin in a somewhat dim and cool spot like bed or pantry. On the off chance that you don't have a cooler, it is recommended not to buy more than one month's worth of insulin.


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