Beware of colds in the rainy season

A cold is a viral inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, which mainly attacks the nose. It can affect the throat, sinuses and throat.

Beware of colds in the rainy season

A cold is a viral inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, which mainly attacks the nose. It can affect the throat, sinuses and throat. Symptoms may appear within two days of contact with a patient. Symptoms include cough, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, headache and fever. The patient usually recovers within 8 to 10 days. Some symptoms can last up to three weeks. Many people with other health problems can occasionally develop pneumonia. More than 200 viruses can cause colds. The rhino virus is the most common. The virus is transmitted through the air when it comes in contact with an infected patient and can be spread by indirectly coming into contact with nearby objects and subsequently touching the mouth or nose. Risk factors include children's day care, poor sleep and stress. Symptoms are more likely to be caused by a virus destroying the body's immune system. Influenza patients may also have cold-like symptoms. However, in this case the severity of the symptoms is higher. Influenza has a lower incidence of colds.

There is no cold vaccine. The main task for prevention is hand washing. Eyes, nose and mouth should not be touched without washing hands and should be kept away from the patient as much as possible. Many people are advised to wear a mask. There is no prescriptive drug that will stop the flow of emotions, though their effects can be curtailed. Paracetamol or any other painkiller can be used to reduce pain. There is no need to use antibiotics. There is no precedent for using cough medicine.

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Colds are the most common infectious disease. Adults can catch a cold two to four times a year.

* Symptoms: Symptoms of cold include runny nose, sore throat and cough, sometimes muscle aches, fatigue, headaches and loss of appetite. Adults do not usually have a fever. Coughing is less common in colds than in influenza. Although influenza has a lot in common with the common cold, the risk of influenza is higher if you have a fever with a cough. The color of the mucus or cold can range from clear to yellow or green.

* Accessory problems: Colds usually start with fatigue, with a feeling of cold. There is sneezing, headache and after a few days runny nose and cough. Symptoms appear 16 hours after contact with a patient and reach a maximum two to four days after the onset of the disease. Colds usually subside in 8 to 10 days, but can sometimes last up to three weeks. The average cough can last up to 18 days, but in some cases patients develop a cough after a viral infection, which can persist even after the infection is under control.

* Cause: Viral cold is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Rhino virus, which is a type of picorna virus, is most responsible for this. Studies have shown that more than two hundred viruses are responsible for colds.

* How it is transmitted: Colds are usually spread by airborne particles in contact with the nasal secretions of the patient or in contact with the infected patient, the patient's bed and clothes, etc. It is not yet clear which of these is the main carrier of the disease. However, airborne particles are more likely to spread from hand to hand or from hand to object and from object to hand. The virus can survive in the environment for a long time (more than 18 hours in the case of rhino virus). The virus is collected from the environment by human hands. Then the hand comes in contact with the eyes and nose and the infection is created. The disease is more prevalent in day-care centers and schools for children. Because, children like to be very close to each other and their immunity is also low. They cannot follow hygiene rules. When they take the infection home, other family members are also infected. People who sit or sit next to an infected person have a higher risk of infection. Rhino-viral colds spread more on the first day; Then their ability to infect is reduced.

* Weather: It is traditionally thought that cold exposure to colds such as rain or winter causes colds; Hence the name cold or flu. Some viruses often cause colds in the winter or in the rainy season. The exact reason why they are active in a particular season is not known. It may also be that cold weather changes the airways, lowers immunity, and spreads the virus at a higher rate due to low humidity. Probably due to the dry air, the tiny virus particles spread far and wide and stay in the air for a long time. The virus can also be spread during the rainy season when it gets wet and cold. Colds in special seasons can also be due to social reasons, such as people spending most of their time indoors during these seasons, staying close to infected people, especially school children. There is disagreement as to whether low body temperature is a risk factor for colds; As most evidence suggests, colds increase susceptibility to infection.

* Diagnosis: Colds usually infect the nose, throat and esophagus. Also different parts of the body can be infected at the same time. It usually causes inflammation in some parts of the nose and throat. In most cases the patient can understand the problem on their own. It does not usually do virus culture and it is not possible to diagnose the type of virus by looking at the symptoms.

* Prevention: The only necessary way to prevent the spread of the cold virus is to take physical measures. Such as hand washing, wearing a mask, wearing a gown in an environment where health care is provided and not reusing it, using gloves on hands. Isolation is not required for colds. However, it is better for the patient to stay away from the healthy. Because the disease is very widespread and the symptoms are not specific. Since many viruses are associated with colds and they change rapidly, it is very difficult to vaccinate against them. The chances of developing a widely effective vaccine are slim. Regular hand washing helps reduce the spread of the virus. Wearing a mask is beneficial when patients are on all fours. Regular vitamin C intake will not reduce the risk or severity of colds, but can reduce durability. Gargling with mild hot salt water can also be beneficial.

* Treatment: No drug can reduce the duration of infection. So treatment is the cure for the symptoms. The right short course is to get plenty of rest, make sure the body is not dehydrated, and rinse with lukewarm salt water. Most of the benefits of treatment are for the peace of mind of the patient.

* Treatment with drugs: Paracetamol can be given to reduce pain and fever in the treatment that helps in relieving the symptoms. There is little benefit in using nasal drops for a short period of time in the elderly. For the first day or two, histamine inhibitors work to relieve symptoms, but no long-term benefits are found. Rather, drowsiness or drowsiness may occur as a side effect. Pseudoephedrine is effective in nasal drops in the elderly. A spray called ipratropium can reduce nasal congestion somewhat, but it does not reduce nasal congestion.

* Physical activity or exercise: If you have a fever, muscle pain or fatigue throughout the body, it is better not to exercise. If the symptoms are limited to a headache, runny nose, stuffy nose, sneezing, or a slight sore throat, moderate exercise may be needed.

* Treatment with antibiotics and antivirals: Antibiotics do not play a role against the viruses that cause colds. Antibiotics do harm on the whole because of the side effects, although it is often used. Among the reasons why antibiotics are used, the patient thinks that the antibiotics will benefit him. Physicians think that antibiotics can be helpful and that complications that are curable are difficult to rule out. So far there is no effective antiviral against colds.

* Prognosis of the progression of the disease: Colds are usually mild in form and get better on their own. Most symptoms get better within seven days. More than half get better in 10 days and more than 90 percent get better in 15 days. Those who are older, younger or have less immunity; They can have severe complications. The bacterium can also cause side effects, including sinusitis, pharyngitis, and ear infections.

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